Relationship Between Mental, Existential, and Religious Well being and Death Anxiety in Women With Breast Cancer

Abed Mahdavi (1), Hossein Jenaabadi (2), Seyed Rahmatollah Mosavimoghadam (3), Seyed Samaneh Shojaei Langari (4), Masoud Gholamali Lavasani (5), Yaser Madani (6)
(1) Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(2) Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(3) Department of Islamic Studies, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(4) School of Cognitive Sciences, Institute for Research in Fundamental Science (IPM), Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(5) Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of,
(6) Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, Iran, Islamic Republic of


Background: Considering the role of psychological components in the life of patients with cancer, the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between mental, existential, and religious well-being and death anxiety in women with breast cancer.

Methods: In this descriptive, correlational study, the statistical population included all women with breast cancer referred to Shahid Rahimi Hospital in Khorramabad in 2017. A sample of 100 patients was selected through convenience sampling and data were collected using Templer’s Death Anxiety Scale, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale, and the Spiritual Well-being Scale. For the purpose of data analysis, mean, standard deviation, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression were applied using SPSS 22.

Results: The study findings indicated a significant, negative correlation between mental well-being, existential well-being, and religious well-being and death anxiety in patients with breast cancer (? = 0.05).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, mental, existential, and religious well-being are important contributors to mental health and quality of life of patients with cancer. Therefore, enhancing these components in cancer patients can be introduced as a complementary treatment along with medical treatments in order to improve psychological problems in clinical settings.

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Abed Mahdavi (Primary Contact)
Hossein Jenaabadi
Seyed Rahmatollah Mosavimoghadam
Seyed Samaneh Shojaei Langari
Masoud Gholamali Lavasani
Yaser Madani
Mahdavi A, Jenaabadi H, Mosavimoghadam SR, Shojaei Langari SS, Gholamali Lavasani M, Madani Y. Relationship Between Mental, Existential, and Religious Well being and Death Anxiety in Women With Breast Cancer. Arch Breast Cancer [Internet]. 2019 Feb. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 16];:29-34. Available from:

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