Determinants of Breast Cancer Screening Among Reverend Sisters in Kampala Archdiocese, Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study Determinants of Breast Cancer Screening

Robert K. Basaza (1), Judith Kaddu (2), Emmanuel Otieno (3), Florence Mirembe (4)
(1) Save Mothers Program, School of Medicine, Uganda Christian University Mukono, Uganda, Uganda,
(2) Save Mothers Program, School of Medicine, Uganda Christian University Mukono, Uganda, Uganda,
(3) Gudie University Project, Kampala, Uganda, Uganda,
(4) King Caesar International University, Uganda; Save Mothers Program, School of Medicine, Uganda Christian University Mukono, Uganda, Uganda

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer in Uganda is the second commonest cancer in women coming only next to cancer of the cervix. This is the first cross-sectional study to investigate the determinants of self-breast cancer screening among Reverend Sisters in Kampala, the largest Archdiocese of Roman Catholic Church in Uganda. The prevention strategies in this country are still not optimal and the key to prevention is breast screening.
Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from September, 2018 to June, 2019. A sample of 310 respondents were interviewed using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed using logistic regression model.
Results: A majority (96.4%) of the respondents did not do a mammography, 54.1% never practiced breast self-examination (BSE) and 34.2% performed it regularly during bedtime. The reasons for performing BSE included: curiosity (61.9%), having a lump (19%) and carrying out screening (9.5%). Significant predictors of breast cancer screening were ordinary level of education (11 years of education), hearing about breast cancer, different screening methods, and symptoms of breast cancer, usefulness of screening for women, a need for sisters to screen, self-breast examination and mammography. Age and other levels of education were not significantly associated with breast cancer screening.
Conclusion: The Reverend Sisters had a low level of knowledge and a small fraction practiced breast cancer screening. This demands a sustainable interventional strategy of breast health awareness campaign, establishment of appropriate health infrastructure related to precision oncology in Uganda and similar settings.

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Authors

Robert K. Basaza
rbasaza@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Judith Kaddu
Emmanuel Otieno
Florence Mirembe
1.
Basaza RK, Kaddu J, Otieno E, Mirembe F. Determinants of Breast Cancer Screening Among Reverend Sisters in Kampala Archdiocese, Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study: Determinants of Breast Cancer Screening. Arch Breast Cancer [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 4 [cited 2024 Apr. 14];9(2):221-30. Available from: https://archbreastcancer.com/index.php/abc/article/view/494

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