The Added Value of Preoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Breast in Surgical Decision

Main Article Content

Marwa Makboul
Shimaa Farghaly
Murad A Jabir
Ramy A Hassan
Mahmoud Refaat Shehata

Keywords

Breast, Magnetic resonance imaging, Ultrasound, Mammography, Oncoplastic breast surgery

Abstract

Background: Breast MRI has demonstrated excellent sensitivity in determining the extent of breast cancer and occult malignancy. This study aimed to evaluate the added value of breast MRI compared to mammography and ultrasonography in surgical decision.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 84 female patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer by ultrasonography and mammography where conservative breast surgery was initially considered, and then bilateral breast MRI was performed and the multidisciplinary decision was revised. The data was analyzed to determine the additional value of breast MRI in treatment planning.
Results: Eighty-four patients were included of whom 44 (52.4%) patients had additional findings on MRI. The treatment plan was changed after the second ultrasonography and histopathology in 44 patients (52.4%) with a remarkable increase in the rate of modified radical mastectomy after MRI.
Conclusion: Preoperative breast MRI has great value in defining the surgical decision in patients with early breast cancer.

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