A Concise Viewpoint on Menopause, Hormone-Replacement Therapy and Breast Cancer Risk

Main Article Content

Vaishnavi Natarajan
Anindita Chakrabarty

Keywords

Menopause, Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), Estrogen, Progesterone, Breast cancer

Abstract

NA

References

1. Bruce D, Rymer J. Symptoms of the menopause. Best practice & research Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology. 2009;23(1):25-32.
2. Cagnacci A, Venier M. The Controversial History of Hormone Replacement Therapy. Medicina. 2019;55(9):602.
3. Investigators WGftWsHI. Risks and Benefits of Estrogen Plus Progestin in Healthy Postmeno-pausal WomenPrincipal Results From the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 2002;288(3):321-33.
4. Santen RJ. Menopausal hormone therapy and breast cancer. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology. 2014;142:52-61.
5. Santen RJ, Song Y, Yue W, Wang JP, Heitjan DF. Effects of menopausal hormonal therapy on occult breast tumors. The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology. 2013;137:150-6.
6. Reid RL. Hormone therapy and breast cancer: risk communication and the 'perfect storm'. Climacteric : The Journal of the International Menopause Society. 2019;22(1):13-6.
7. Type and timing of menopausal hormone therapy and breast cancer risk: individual participant meta-analysis of the worldwide epidemiological evidence. Lancet. 2019;394(10204):1159-68.
8. Vinogradova Y, Coupland C, Hippisley-Cox J. Use of hormone replacement therapy and risk of breast cancer: nested case-control studies using the QResearch and CPRD databases. BMJ. 2020;371:m3873.
9. Nelson HD. Menopause. Lancet (London, England). 2008;371(9614):760-70.
10. Fait T. Menopause hormone therapy: latest developments and clinical practice. Drugs in context. 2019;8:212551.
11. Cobin RH, Goodman NF. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology Position Statement on Menopause-2017 UPDATE. Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrin-ology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. 2017;23(7):869-80.
12. Brown S. Shock, terror and controversy: how the media reacted to the Women's Health Initiative. Climacteric : the journal of the International Menopause Society. 2012;15(3): 275-80.
13. Langer RD, Manson JE, Allison MA. Have we come full circle - or moved forward? The Women's Health Initiative 10 years on. Climacteric : the journal of the International Menopause Society. 2012;15(3):206-12.